Explaining ADHD to a Child: A Quick Guide to Breaking Down the Facts

Explaining ADHD to a child
Dr. Roseann Capanna-Hodge

Dr. Roseann Capanna-Hodge

A lot of parents are confused about ADHD, which is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders among U.S. children. ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and it's when your child's brain decides that focusing on one thing at a time is overrated. As a result, they often fidget, daydream, and can be impulsive.

Their ADHD brains are like fireworks, always bursting with energy and creativity. On the flip side, they often have trouble paying attention, staying still, and not blurting out the first thing that comes to mind.

Why it's Important to Explain ADHD to Your Child

So, why should you explain ADHD to your child? Well, think of it this way: if you don't, they might feel like they're trapped in a world where everyone else is successful but they aren’t because focus is so hard, It's vital to boost your child's self-esteem and well-being to understand why they feel the way they do and that it's perfectly okay.

So here's the million-dollar question: how do you explain this ADHD stuff to your child? The first and most important step is to ditch the jargon. Keep it simple and relatable. Think of it like telling a bedtime story – make it engaging and easy to understand. Emphasize that their ADHD brain is unique and special, not something to feel bad about. All kids with ADHD have to learn this important information.

5 Tips on Explaining ADHD to a Child 

Explaining ADHD to your child doesn't need to be a daunting task when you have a plan. In fact, it can be an opportunity to foster understanding, empathy, and connection with family members. 

Here are five practical tips to help you navigate this conversation with grace:

1. Use Age-Appropriate Language

For young children, use simple language and perhaps some analogy.  Kids of all ages love to delve into more detail about how ADHD affects their brain.


Talking to your child using age appropriate language


With older kids and teens, you will want to discuss the impact on their social-emotional development and daily life. Remember, age-appropriate discussions make it relatable and easier for them to grasp.

2.  Address Common Misconceptions About ADHD

There are many misconceptions about ADHD. People may think it's just an excuse for being lazy or not trying hard enough. Let your child know that ADHD is a real thing, backed by science, and it's not their fault… and that there are things they can do to get their brain more focused. Remind them that everyone needs a little extra help, and it’s okay if they ask for some. 

3. Explain in Detail their ADHD Symptoms and Challenges

Don’t be afraid to talk about the nitty-gritty ADHD symptoms and challenges. Explain how ADHD may make it hard for them to sit still, concentrate, and control impulsive behaviors. Make it clear that it's not about lacking intelligence or willpower; it's just how their unique brain works.

4. Teach Your Child Coping Strategies for ADHD

No one likes feeling like they're stuck in constant motion and chaos. So, equip your child with some capabilities of their own. It's a good idea to teach them practical coping strategies like breaking tasks into smaller steps, using tools like timers and calendars, spending extra time on difficult tasks, and seeking out quiet spaces when they need a breather.

5. Find Support for Your Child with ADHD Diagnosis

As a parent, you're their sidekick. But even as a sidekick, you need allies! Seek out support. Parents need to learn coping strategies for their ADHD child as well (Craig et al., 2020). It could be through teachers, therapists, or support groups. It's all about finding the right balance for your ADHD child.

The Power of Natural Solutions on a Child Diagnosed with ADHD

There are natural solutions that support attention, mood, stress, and behavior. Medications may be recommended for ADHD, but it's not the only option, and it might not be the best fit for every child. The good news is there are some alternative methods to empower your child and family.

1. Diet and Nutrition


Balanced nutrition for ADHD child


Start with what goes into their bodies. A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can make a world of difference. Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids and magnesium, like salmon and walnuts, are known to support brain health. Studies show that magnesium is particularly low in children with ADHD (Effatpanah et al., 2019). Also, don't forget to keep kids hydrated – water is everybody’s best friend!

2. Exercise

Channel that boundless energy into physical activity. Regular exercise is a natural mood booster and can help your child focus better. It doesn't have to be a full-blown workout. A daily walk or some fun at the park can do wonders. 

3. Mindfulness and Relaxation

Teach your child relaxation techniques, like deep breathing or mindfulness exercises. It can help them manage stress, improve their emotional regulation, and navigate the challenges of ADHD with a sense of calm and self-assurance.

4. Sleep

Make sure they get enough sleep. A tired child struggles with attention and mood, while a well-rested one is better equipped to tackle the day and manage their ADHD challenges with greater resilience.

5. Structure and Routine

ADHD kids thrive on structure and routine. Create a daily routine that includes set times for meals, homework, play, and sleep. Consistency can help them feel more secure and in control, making the daily routine a stable anchor in the sometimes turbulent seas of ADHD. It gives them the confidence to navigate their world with greater ease.

6. Supportive Therapies

Consider therapies like behavioral therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, neurofeedback, and PEMF. Complementary and alternative medicine can be incredibly beneficial in teaching coping strategies and managing your child's symptoms of inattention and impulse control issues (Wu et al., 2022).

The BrainBehaviorResetTM Program Program is a comprehensive, natural approach designed to support individuals with ADHD. This program takes a holistic perspective, addressing the unique needs and challenges associated with ADHD using natural solutions. It focuses on understanding and optimizing one's executive functions without the need for medication.

The program incorporates a range of strategies, including dietary adjustments, regular exercise, mindfulness techniques, and structured routines to help individuals with ADHD manage their symptoms effectively. It also provides personalized coping strategies tailored to each special need.

By offering a comprehensive and possibly the best approach for your child, the BrainBehaviorResetTM Program empowers children with ADHD to unlock their full potential, fostering better attention, mood, stress management, and behavior. It works with most families in providing the support and guidance your child needs for success.

The best way to explain ADHD to your child is to let them know that you understand, you're there for them, and you've got their back. Be empathetic, because navigating the ADHD world can be tough. But with your love and guidance, your child's life will be better and they will be able to soar to unimaginable heights.

It's always a great idea to keep the conversation open, answer questions, and discover different ways to support your child. Stay hopeful, be a beacon of light, and watch your child's unique brilliance shine through. After all, they're not defined by ADHD. They're defined by their incredible potential.

Parent Action Steps

☐ Begin an age-appropriate conversation about Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
☐ Emphasize your child’s unique strengths and invite questions about them.
☐ Use relatable analogies and stories to describe their ADHD brain.
☐ Actively listen to your child's thoughts and feelings.
☐ Teach practical coping strategies for attention deficit disorder.
☐ Reinforce positivity by reminding your child that ADHD doesn't define their worth. 
☐ Encourage your child to embrace their uniqueness.
☐ Prioritize natural solutions like proper diet, exercise, mindfulness, and daily routines.
☐ Explore additional support options through professionals and support groups.
☐ Maintain a hopeful outlook and believe that your child's potential extends beyond ADHD.
☐ Take this ADHD Quiz to know if your child has ADHD or something else. 
☐ Try our Solutions Matcher for a personalized and effective treatment plan for your child.


Craig, F., Savino, R., Fanizza, I., Lucarelli, E., Russo, L., & Trabacca, A. (2020). A systematic review of coping strategies in parents of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 98, 103571. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103571

Effatpanah, M., Rezaei, M., Effatpanah, H., Effatpanah, Z., Varkaneh, H. K., Mousavi, S. M., Fatahi, S., Rinaldi, G., & Hashemi, R. (2019). Magnesium status and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 274, 228–234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.043

Wu, J., Li, P., Luo, H., & Lu, Y. (2022). Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use by ADHD Patients: A Systematic Review. Journal of Attention Disorders, 26(14), 108705472211115. https://doi.org/10.1177/10870547221111557

Are you looking for SOLUTIONS for your struggling child or teen? 

Dr. Roseann and her team are all about science-backed solutions, so you are in the right place! 

Grab your complimentary copy of
147 Therapist-Endorsed Self-Regulation Strategies for Children: A Practical Guide for Parents

You can get her books for parents and professionals, including: It’s Gonna Be OK™: Proven Ways to Improve Your Child’s Mental Health, Teletherapy Toolkit™ and Brain Under Attack: A Resource For Parents and Caregivers of Children With PANS, PANDAS, and Autoimmune Encephalopathy.

If you are a business or organization that needs proactive guidance to support employee mental health or an organization looking for a brand representative, check out Dr. Roseann’s professional speaking page to see how we can work together.

Dr. Roseann is a Children’s Mental Health Expert and Therapist who has been featured in/on hundreds of  media outlets including, CBS, NBC, FOX News, PIX11 NYC, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Business Insider, USA Today, CNET, Marth Stewart, and PARENTS. FORBES called her, “A thought leader in children’s mental health.” 

Dr. Roseann - Brain Behavior Reset Parent Toolkit

She is the founder and director of The Global Institute of Children’s Mental Health and Dr. Roseann Capanna-Hodge, LLC. Dr. Roseann is a Board Certified Neurofeedback (BCN) Practitioner, a Board Member of the Northeast Region Biofeedback Society (NRBS), Certified Integrative Mental Health Professional (CIMHP) and an Amen Clinic Certified Brain Health Coach.  She is also a member of The International Lyme Disease and Associated Disease Society (ILADS), The American Psychological Association (APA), Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) National Association of School Psychologists (NASP), International OCD Foundation (IOCDF) International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR) and The Association of Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB).

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